Respected scholars, as-salamu `alaykum.
Is it unlawful Shari`ah-wise for a woman to tie her tubes?
Jazakum Allahu khayran.
Answer (Sheikh Ahmad Kutty) :
Wa `alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear brother in Islam, thank you for your question. May Almighty Allah
guide you and us all to what is best in this world and the world to
As far as Islamic Shari`ah is concerned, tying woman's tube is
prohibited unless there is a medical reason necessitating it. Tying
woman's tube for no medical necessity represents inferring with Allah's
work, the thing which is haram (Arabic for: not permissable according to Islamic teachings).
In his response to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, stated,
A woman tying her tube is haram
unless there is a medical condition necessitating it. This is so
because it amounts to interfering with God's work; doing so is a pet
project of Satan who pledged that he will continue to lead humankind
away from the natural way through his devious methods. It is,
therefore, a sin to tie the tube unless there is a medical necessity.
There are cases in which tying the tube would not be haram. If
(as determined by the experts) conceiving a child, poses a health
hazard, and the only safe way to prevent it is by tying the tube. In
this case, it becomes permissible under the rule of dire necessity.
Excerpted with slight modifications from Islam.ca.
Moreover, Zeinab Al-`Alawani, instructor of fiqh and Islamic Studies,Graduate School of Islamic and Social Sciences, added,
Tying the woman's tubes for cosmetic reasons is definitely haram.
Cosmetic reasons include women trying to avoid pregnancy to keep their
body fit and avoid the hassle of delivery. That is not allowed in
Islam, because progeny is a natural outcome of marriage and it is the
norm in society.
Having said that, tying tubes may be allowed for medical reasons — to
protect from certain diseases or protect certain women from getting
specific diseases that they may otherwise be prone to have. In this
case, if an experienced, reliable doctor suggests it, then it is
treated as a case of necessity.
Source : Islamonline